Finis Jennings Dake
The Twofold Meaning of Sanctification:
The Hebrew and Greek words for "sanctification" mean "to make or pronounce clean or holy, morally, physically, and
ceremonially," "to consecrate, dedicate, hallow," "to purify," "to set apart from a profane or secular use to a sacred or
holy use,"" to separate from carnal and natural to spiritual purposes," and "to venerate or reverence."
1) Separation from an evil, profane or secular purpose to a sacred purpose; to make or to be holy, reverent, sacred,
separated, pure, hallowed; to prepare for spiritual and sacred use, to cleanse from sin and uncleanness and make free
from manifestations and uses of the natural and carnal life; to make holy anything consecrated to God; the state of
being holy and consecrated to God; and the devotion of a person or thing to a particular, spiritual exercise and use.
2) Separation, dedication or consecration unto God. This includes any person or material thing that can be given
entirely over to God for sacred and spiritual use, anything set apart for service unto God. Thus, the two-fold meaning
of sanctification in one statement is any person or thing separated from a profane or secular use, and consecrated unto
God to be used wholly for divine and spiritual use, whether sin is involved or not.
Sanctification is part of salvation. The sanctification of a man begins with the following
1) When one gets salvation: "...God hath from the beginning chosen you to salvation through sanctification of the
Spirit and belief of the truth:" A man cannot be saved or get salvation except it comes "through sanctification of the
Spirit" and this is when one believes the truth. Zacharias, by the Holy Ghost, said that men would serve God "in
holiness and righteousness" from the time they are "redeemed," get "salvation," have "remission of sins," and are
"saved" (Luke 1:67-77). The word "salvation" is the all-inclusive word of the Gospel. Sanctification is thus a part of
salvation and should never be understood as a separate work of grace apart from it. Christ is our salvation (Luke 2:30)
and sanctification (I Corinthians 1:30), and one cannot have Christ without having both.
2) When one receives Christ, who is his sanctification (I Corinthians 1:30; John 1:12; I John 2:29; 3:5-10; 5:1-5,
18). Sanctification is a result of receiving a person more than getting an experience separate from that person.
3) When one is born again. "Every one that doeth righteousness is born of him...he that doeth righteousness is
righteous, even as he is righteous...Whosoever is born of God doth not commit sin...he cannot sin, because he is born
of God...everyone that loveth is born of God, and knoweth God...Whosoever believeth that Jesus is the Christ is born of
God...Whatsoever is born of God overcometh the world...he sinneth not; but he that is begotten of God keepeth himself,
and that wicked one [the old man, the devil] toucheth him not" (I John 2:29; 3:7-10;4:7, 17; 5:1-5, 18).
The Threefold Moral Sanctification of Man
1) Past or instantaneous sanctification. This refers to the initial, definite act of making a person holy. Both God
and man have parts in this act. Man must first consecrate or sanctify himself to God, and then God makes him holy by
the various means of the Gospel.
2) Present or progressive sanctification. This refers to the state of being sanctified, of growth to maturity, and of
conformity to the image of Christ in all the principles of holiness that have been imparted in the initial act of making
holy. The work of sanctification by God or man could not end with one act of being made holy, for if the person is made
holy and does not continue in this state, he could not be considered as sanctified. There must be the state of holiness,
as well as the act of making holy. If there is a definite act of making holy, there must also be a definite process to keep
holy. If a man is not kept holy who has been made holy and endued with the principles of holiness, he will revert back to
a sinful life again. After a man has been sanctified, he must keep himself sanctified, hence the need of a daily
procedure to keep holy that which has been made holy. Both God and man have a part in this.
3) Future or complete sanctification. This refers to the final act and process of being made holy forever in body,
soul, and spirit, and preserved blameless forever. It is plainly evident that no man that has been made holy here is
made absolutely and eternally holy by one act. There must be the process of keeping holy until one is made "whole" in
body, soul, and spirit at the Rapture and the resurrection and entrance into the eternal state.
God's Plan for Man, by Finis Jennings Dake, Copyright 1977, Dake Publishing, Inc.
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