The Son affirms the cross: from Gethsemane to Golgotha
John Ellsworth

B. Childress
Feb 22 2011

John 18-19

It might seem as if the Lord Jesus finally ceased affirming the cross when he was at last arrested and taken away, and
that he became entirely passive from that moment until he burst from the grave in glorious resurrection life.

There is, of course, a sense in which Jesus was passive during those hours.  The prophecy of Isaiah said that he would
be 'led as a lamb to the slaughter' and would be as 'a sheep before its shearers' (Isaiah 53:7).  That is passivity.  But we
err if we understand Jesus' passivity to be that of a helpless victim.  Jesus was passive because he chose to be, not
because he had to be.  He could at any time have brought the whole process to a speedy end.  Each time he refused to
do so he mightily affirmed his death on the cross.

Even when it appears as if the Jews were in charge, or Pilate was in charge, or the Romans were in charge, the truth is
that Jesus was still in charge.  He once said, 'I lay down my life that I may take it again.  No one takes it from me, but I lay
it down of myself.  I have power to lay it down, and I have power to take it again.  This command I have received from my
Father' (John 10:17-18).

What appears to be weakness in those last few hours before the cross was, then, actually power.  It was Jesus exerting
his power to lay down his life.  We see him exerting the power of restraint so that in a marvelous way men could have
their way with him and, at the same time, fulfil the plan of God.  That power is manifested at each step of the way -
during the arrest itself, during the trials and during the cruel mockery of the soldiers.

The arrest

Jesus accepts Judas' kiss

The first example of Jesus' actively restraining himself occurs when the arresting mob, led by Judas Iscariot, put in an
appearance at the garden of Gethsemane.

Jesus knew what was coming.  A few hours earlier he had announced to his disciples that one of them would betray him.  
He had looked at Judas and said, 'What you do, do quickly' (John 13:27).  When Judas came towards him, Jesus knew
the kiss of betrayal was at hand, but he did not resist it.  It was part of the road to the cross.

Jesus rebukes Simon Peter

There in the garden Jesus openly expressed his restraint.  When the arresting mob, led by Judas, appeared to arrest
Jesus, Simon Peter began to wield his sword and succeeded only in cutting off the ear of a poor servant (who was there,
not by choice, but because his master required it).  Jesus quickly reattached the ear and rebuked Simon: 'Put your
sword in its place, for all who take the sword will perish by the sword.  Or do you think that I cannot now pray to my
Father, and he will provide me with more than twelve legions of angels?' (Matthew 26:52-53).  

Imagine what short work twelve legions of angels would have made of the blood thirsty mob!  But the angels did not
come because their Lord and Master did not command them to come.  Even though he was facing the unspeakable
agony of drinking the cup of God's wrath against sin, he did not issue that command.  What incredible restraint!

Jesus is bound

After Jesus healed the ear of the servant, the men who had come to arrest him stepped forward and bound him (John
18:12).  And Jesus allowed himself to be bound.  He did not have to be bound.  When the mob had first arrived in the
garden, Jesus had stepped forward to meet them and asked, 'Whom are you seeking?'  They had answered, 'Jesus of
Nazareth,' and Jesus had responded, 'I am he.'  Those words had been enough to make them all draw back and fall to
the ground (John 18:4-6).  If the mere words of Jesus could flatten a snarling mob, we may rest assured Jesus did not
have to be bound.

It is striking that Jesus, stepping forward and identifying himself, placed himself between his disciples and the mob and
said, 'Let these go their way...' (John 18:8).  What a glorious picture of the cross!  There Jesus stood between his
people and the penalty for their sins so they might go free.

The trials

The restraint Jesus exercised in his arrest is also on display in his trials before the Jewish and Roman authorities.  At
any point in the proceedings, Jesus could have completely confounded his judges and refuted the false charges brought
against him, but he only responded when his Messiahship was challenged.  Why?  These trials were designed by men
to  issue in the crucifixion of Jesus and that was nothing less than the plan of God the Father.  Jesus would not,
therefore, do anything to frustrate the plans of the authorities.

Pilate, amazed that Jesus was so uncooperative, thundered, 'Do you not know that I have power to crucify you, and
power to release you?' (John 19:10).  Pilate knew full well the horrid sufferings involved in death by crucifixion and
assumed Jesus would want to do everything possible to avoid it.  Little did he know that Jesus was in fact deliberately
and consciously cooperating with him and with the Jewish authorities in order to bring that crucifixion about, or that his
cooperation with Pilate reflected an even higher level of cooperation - that is, with God the Father.

By the way, while Jesus remained silent in the face of much of what was said to him during these trials, he did not let
Pilate's comment pass, but told him, 'You could have no power at all against me unless it had been given you from
above' (John 19:11).

The mockery and beating

The restraint shown by Jesus during his arrest and trials is an astonishing thing.  What provocation he endured!  But the
most amazing display of his restraint came when Jesus was handed over to the Roman soldiers.

First came the
scourging.  William Hendriksen describes this punishment in this way: 'The Roman scourge consisted of a
short wooden handle to which several thongs were attached, the ends equipped with pieces of lead or brass and with
sharply pointed bits of bone.  The stripes were laid especially on the victim's back, bared and bent.  Generally two men
were employed to administer this punishment, one lashing the victim from one side, one from the other side, with the
result that the flesh was at times lacerated to such an extent that deep-seated veins and arteries, sometimes even
entrails and inner organs, were exposed.'  Needless to say, this punishment was so severe that it often caused the victim
to die before he could be crucified.

In addition to this, the soldiers repeatedly
struck Jesus in the face with their fists.  Isaiah predicted that this beating
would be so severe that those who looked upon the Messiah would be 'astonished' and said that, as a result of his
beating, 'His visage was marred more than any man' (Isaiah 52:14).  This prophecy means that the face of Jesus was so
marred and disfigured that he did not even appear to be a man.

Never did anyone face more extreme provocation.  Never was there such cruelty.  But Jesus endured it, not just as a
passive victim, but as one actively pursuing the course assigned to him by God the Father.  As he endured this horrible
scourging and beating, Jesus fulfilled another of Isaiah's prophecies:

I gave my back to those who struck me,
And my cheeks to those who plucked out the beard;
I did not hide my face from shame and spitting.......(Isaiah 50:6)

Our Lord could have called it to a halt.  He could have destroyed his tormentors with one word.  But he actually gave his
back to those who scourged him and refused to hide his face from their fists.

The road from Gethsemane to Golgotha was the last leg of that journey that began in eternity past.  All that Jesus could
have done and refused to do on that last leg constitutes an additional affirmation of the cross.


JOURNEY TO THE CROSS, by Roger Ellsworth, Copyright 1997, EVANGELICAL PRESS.